Comparative Law is the study of the different legal systems throughout the world. This includes Civil law, common law, Canon law, Jewish Law, socialist law as well as Islamic, Hindu, and Chinese law. It studies the similarities and differences in the laws of different countries and it includes the analysis and descriptions of the foreign legal systems, even if there are no explicit comparisons.
In this age of economic globalization and internationalism comparative law has increased enormously in importance.
Our modern comparative law can be traced as far back and the 18th century in Europe but before that the legal scholars practiced comparative methodologies. The man believed to be the founder of comparative law, is Montesquieu, a French lawyer and philosopher, famous for his theory of the separation of powers. He was said to be the first to use comparative methods to classify the political forms of our human societies.
The comparative law was at one time a minor and somewhat obscure adjunct in the field of domestic constitutional law but It has moved to the forefront in the past couple of decades. With the spread of democratic government and the expansion of the International human rights law and the visibility of the field with judges, politicians, and scholars has grown rapidly.
Comparative law involves the study of legal systems, which includes their constitutive element and how they differ throughout the world and how the elements combine to form a system. In the different areas of comparative law, they study detailed comparisons of two countries or a broad range of studies of several countries.
One of the most recognized authorities on comparative constitutions law both here and abroad is Sujit Choudhry. He has a wide range research agenda and has an in-depth amount of field experience. He is an advisor to the constitution building processes in Libya, Nepal, South Africa, Tunisia Sri Lanka Egypt. Jordan and the Ukraine.
He is a member of the United Nations Mediation Roster, and has spoken or lectured in over two dozen countries. His research examines constitutional design as a way to manage the transition from violent conflict to peaceful democratic politics.
Dean Choudhry has a Masters of Law degree from Harvard Law School, Bachelors of Law from the University of Toronto, Bachelor of Arts in Law, University of Oxford, Bachelor of Science from McGill University, and he is a Rhodes Scholar.